tools & models (6)

24 Oct 2017

2017 California Nursery Conference: Conclusion

Brett Cregg (Michigan State University), Paul Fisher (University of Florida), Sarah White (Clemson University), Charlie Hall (Texas A&M), and Bruno Pitton, Darren Haver, Grant Johnson, Loren Oki (University of California)

This conference, held on July 27, 2017 in Irvine, CA, focused on Water Management in Nursery and Greenhouse Production. The Clean WateRteam presented their research studies. The conclusion of the conference dealt with recycling water: economics, monitoring quality, managemet of nutrients and agrichemicals, and pathogens and biofilm. The topics covered are:

3-1ImpactsRecycledWateronPlantPhysiologyandgrowth (1175 KB)
3-2BiofilmManagement (3947 KB)
3-3BiologicalTreatmentofRunoff (4394 KB)
3-4SlowSandFilters (2204 KB)
3-5WaterRecyclingEconomics (1245 KB)

10 Oct 2017

2017 California Nursery Conference: Part Two

Jim Owen (Virginia Tech), John D. Lea-Cox (University of Maryland), Tom Fernandez (Michigan State University), Bruno Pitton and Lorence Oki (University of California), John Majsztrik (Clemson University)

This conference, held on July 27, 2017 in Irvine, CA, focused on Water Management in Nursery and Greenhouse Production. The Clean WateRteam presented their research studies. This second part (of three) covers economic costs of water conservation, how to control pH and salts, as well as tools and models for water management. The topics covered are:

2-1SSaveCostsRefiningSubstrateNutrientProgram (3372 KB)
2-2IrrigationManagementUsingSoilMoistureSensors (2805 KB)
2-3Wheredonutrientsgowhenyouirrigate (2760 KB)
2-4NitrogenManagementPlans (631 KB)
2-5Addingtoolsintoyourwatermanagementtoolbox (447 KB)

19 Jul 2017

Yield, quality and profitability of sensor‑controlled irrigation: a case study of snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus L.) production

Saavoss, M., Belayneh, B., Lea‑Cox, J., Lichtenberg, E. (University of Maryland), Majsztrik, J. (Clemson University)

On-farm research has found a number of advantages of sensor-based irrigation compared to current irrigation practices including reduced water application, disease incidence, production time and labor, and increased profitability. We examined the effects of sensor-based irrigation in a commercial greenhouse producing cut-flower snapdragons. We calculated changes in yield, production time, quality, cost, revenue and profit, using 3 years of data before and after implementation of sensor irrigation networks.  Sensor-based irrigation increased revenue by 62% and profit by 65% per year. Sensor-based irrigation was also associated with increases in the quality and the number of stems harvested per crop.

See the article in the link bellow

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00271-016-0511-y.pdf

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Description of research activities

A national team of scientists is working to encourage use of alternative water resources by the nation’s billion-dollar nursery and floriculture industry has been awarded funds for the first year of an $8.7 million, five year US Department of Agriculture – National Institute of Food and Agriculture –Specialty Crop Research Initiative competitive grant.

The team will develop and apply systems-based solutions to assist grower decision making by providing science-based information to increase use of recycled water.  This award from the NIFA’s Specialty Crop Research Initiative is managed by Project Director Sarah White of Clemson University.  She leads a group of 21 scientists from nine U.S. institutions.

Entitled “Clean WateR3 - Reduce, Remediate, Recycle – Enhancing Alternative Water Resources Availability and Use to Increase Profitability in Specialty Crops”, the Clean WateR3 team will assist the grower decision-making process by providing science-based information on nutrient, pathogen, and pesticide fate in recycled water both before and after treatment, average cost and return-on investment of technologies examined, and model-derived, site specific recommendations for water management.  The trans-disciplinary Clean WateR3 team will develop these systems-based solutions by integrating sociological, economic, modeling, and biological data into a user-friendly decision-support system intended to inform and direct our stakeholders’ water management decision-making process.

The Clean WateR3 grant team is working with a stakeholder group of greenhouse and nursery growers throughout the United States.

For example, at the University of Florida graduate student George Grant is collecting data on removal of paclobutrazol, a highly persistent plant growth regulator chemical, from recirculated water using granular activated carbon (GAC) filters. This is being done in both research greenhouses and in a commercial site. The GAC filters can remove more than 90% of chemical residues, and are proving to be a cost-effective treatment method.

 

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